Matsaloli & Magani

Matsaloli gama gari a cikin ginin bango putty da mafita

Bugun fuska

Phenomena

Ana yin kumfa yayin aikin ginin kuma bayan wani lokaci, farfajiyar putty kumfa.

▲ Dalili

① Ginshiƙin ya yi tsauri da kuma saurin gogewa da sauri;

Layer Launin putty yayi kauri sosai don ginin farko, sama da 2.0mm;

Hanyoyin ruwan layin tushe sun yi yawa, kuma yawanta ya yi yawa ko kuma karami. Saboda yana dauke da yalwar fanko kuma putty tana da abun ciki mai danshi, ba mai numfashiwa bane, kuma an sanya iska a cikin kogon mara kyau, wanda ba sauki a cire shi ba;

TerBayan lokacin gini, fashewa da kumbura suna bayyana a saman, galibi ana haifar dasu ne ta hanyar hadawa mara kyau. Slurry din yana dauke da sinadarin powdery wadanda sun makara don narkewa. Bayan gini, babban ruwa yana sha kuma yana kumbura don yin fashewa.

1

Ution Magani

① Lokacin da ya fito fili mai yawa, amfani da spatula don murkushe ƙananan ƙura, kai tsaye kuma amfani da putty mai dacewa don goge fatar ƙasa mai kumfa;

② Putty galibi ana hada ta daidai, sannan a barshi ya tsaya kamar na minti 10, sannan a yi amfani da mahaɗin lantarki don sake haɗawa a sanya shi a bango;

③Idan akwai kumfa a farfajiya ta biyu ko ta karshe, yakamata ayi amfani da spatula don cire kumfa kafin a cire alamar ruwa don tabbatar da cewa babu wata damuwa da ta faru a saman dunkulen;

OrDomin musamman bangon bango, gaba daya zabi mai kauri putty azaman kayan tushe;

⑤A yanayin da katangar ta kafe sosai ko iska tayi karfi kuma haske yayi karfi, da farko sai a jika bangon da ruwa mai tsafta gwargwadon iko, kuma bayan bangon ba shi da ruwa, sai a goge abin da ake sanyawa.

Sauke foda

Phenomena

Bayan an gama ginin kuma ya bushe, foda zai fadi idan aka taba shi da hannu.

Ason Dalili

Lokacin goge goge foda a ciki ba'a sarrafa shi da kyau, kuma saman ya bushe sannan kuma za'a goge shi da hoda;

Powder Fulanin bango na waje, murfin yana da ɗan kaɗan, a cikin zazzabi mai ƙarfi a lokacin rani, ruwan yana ƙafewa da sauri, kuma shimfidar saman ba ta da isasshen ruwa don warkewa, saboda haka yana da sauƙi a cire foda;

③ Samfurin ya wuce rayuwar rayuwa, kuma ƙarfin haɗin yana raguwa;

IsAn adana samfurin yadda bai dace ba, kuma ƙarfin mannewa ya saukad sosai bayan sha danshi;

Yawan tsotse ruwan da ke cikin layin ya sanya putty ya bushe da sauri, kuma babu isasshen danshi don warkewa.

2

Ution Magani

① Lokacin da ya fito fili mai yawa, amfani da spatula don murkushe ƙananan ƙura, kai tsaye kuma amfani da putty mai dacewa don goge fatar ƙasa mai kumfa;

② Putty galibi ana hada ta daidai, sannan a barshi ya tsaya kamar na minti 10, sannan a yi amfani da mahaɗin lantarki don sake haɗawa a sanya shi a bango;

③Idan akwai kumfa a farfajiya ta biyu ko ta karshe, yakamata ayi amfani da spatula don cire kumfa kafin a cire alamar ruwa don tabbatar da cewa babu wata damuwa da ta faru a saman dunkulen;

OrDomin musamman bangon bango, gaba daya zabi mai kauri putty azaman kayan tushe;

⑤A yanayin da katangar ta kafe sosai ko iska tayi karfi kuma haske yayi karfi, da farko sai a jika bangon da ruwa mai tsafta gwargwadon iko, kuma bayan bangon ba shi da ruwa, sai a goge abin da ake sanyawa.

Faduwa

Phenomena

Bondarfin haɗin tsakanin putty da base layer bashi da kyau, kuma yana faɗuwa kai tsaye daga layin tushe.

Ason Dalili

Wall Tsohuwar bango tana da santsi sosai (kamar su zafin nama, polyurethane da sauran fenti mai mai-mai), kuma hoda mai laushi tana da mannewa a saman;

Is An jefa sabon bangon tare da samfuri, farfajiyar tana santsi kuma tana ɗauke da adadi mai yawa na saki (mai injin ɓarnar mai ko silikon);

③ Don kayan kwalliyar katako, kayan karafa na karfe da sauran kayan kwalliyar da ba na turmi ba (kamar su plywood, plywood biyar, allon barbashi, katako mai kauri, da sauransu), ana goge putty kai tsaye, saboda banbancin farfajiyar kasa da raguwarta, da irin wadannan kayayyakin. samun karfin ruwa mai karfi da kuma taurin ciki bango putty ba zai iya zama nakasa tare da shi, gabaɗaya zai faɗi bayan watanni 3;

④ Gwanin ya wuce rayuwar rayuwa kuma ƙarfin haɗin gwiwa yana raguwa.

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Ution Magani

① Cire laɓar peeling kuma yi ma'amala da shi bisa ga sharuɗɗan yanayi;

② Yaren tsohuwar bango don ƙara ƙwanƙwasa farfajiya, sannan amfani da wakilin dubawa (10% manne kare muhalli ko wakilin keɓaɓɓen keɓaɓɓen);

③ Yi amfani da dillalin daskararre don cire wakilin saki ko sauran kayan maiko a farfajiyar, sannan amfani da putty;

④ Yi amfani da abubuwa biyu na musamman ko ptywood putty na gini;

⑤ Da fatan za a yi amfani da sabon putty na musamman don fuskar bangon waje na marmara, mosaic, tayal yumbu da sauran bangon waje. Yi amfani a cikin rayuwar rayuwa.

Kwasfa a kashe

Phenomena

Tsakanin yadudduka biyu na putty ko tsakanin putty da substrate baƙi daga juna.

Ason Dalili

Wall Tsohuwar bango tana da santsi sosai (kamar su zafin nama, polyurethane da sauran fenti mai mai-mai), kuma hoda mai laushi tana da mannewa a saman;

Is An jefa sabon bangon tare da samfuri, farfajiyar tana santsi kuma tana ɗauke da adadi mai yawa na saki (mai injin ɓarnar mai ko silikon);

③ Don kayan kwalliyar katako, kayan karafa na karfe da sauran kayan kwalliyar da ba na turmi ba (kamar su plywood, plywood biyar, allon barbashi, katako mai kauri, da sauransu), ana goge putty kai tsaye, saboda banbancin farfajiyar kasa da raguwarta, da irin wadannan kayayyakin. samun karfin ruwa mai karfi da kuma taurin ciki bango putty ba zai iya zama nakasa tare da shi, gabaɗaya zai faɗi bayan watanni 3;

④ Gwanin ya wuce rayuwar rayuwa kuma ƙarfin haɗin gwiwa yana raguwa.

4

Ution Magani

Cire laɓar peeling kuma sake zaɓar takamaiman saiti don gogewa;

② Don manyan filayen gine-gine masu nauyi, ya fi kyau a yi amfani da 10% selale na share fage na hatimi, kuma bayan bushewa, yi kwalliyar kwalliyar da ta dace ko sauran aikin;

③ Putty, musamman murfin bango na ciki, rage tazara tsakanin gine-ginen putty guda biyu gwargwadon iko;

Kula da kariya yayin aikin gini. Yayin gina sa ko tsakanin awanni 8 bayan ginin, bai kamata a shigar da putty ta ruwa ba.

Crack

Phenomena

 Bayan sanya abun sakawa na wani lokaci, sai fuskar ta fashe. 

Ution Magani

Put Burar da aka fasa ta na bukatar cirewa. Idan tsaguwa ba ta yi yawa ba, za a iya amfani da putty mai sassauci don ginin farko, sannan za a yi ginin bisa ga tsarin daidaitaccen tsari;

② Kowane gini kada yayi kauri sosai. Dole ne lokacin tsakanin gine-ginen ya zama sama da awanni 4. Bayan sahun gaba ya bushe gaba daya, ana yin gyaran baya.

Ason Dalili

Yi gini kafin tushe ya bushe kwata-kwata, kuma ginin yana buƙatar abun cikin danshi na tushe bai wuce 10% ba;

Put Gwanin da ke ƙasa bai bushe ba gaba ɗaya, kawai ya wuce saman, farfajiyar farfajiya ta bushe da farko, kuma layin ciki har yanzu yana cikin aikin bushewa, wanda ya haifar da ƙarancin digiri na raguwa tsakanin matakan da sauƙin fasawa;

Â-③ Lokacin da aka sarrafa layin tushe, idan kayan gyaran da gyaran ba su bushe ba gaba daya, ana amfani da guntun bango na ciki mai dauke da tauri mai karfi a kansa, wanda ke da saukin fasawa;

④ Ginin ya yi kauri sosai, bushewa a ciki ya yi jinkiri, saurin bushewar ƙasa ya fi sauri, kuma yana da sauƙi don haifar da fatattaka.

5

Juya rawaya

Phenomena

Bayan an gama ginin sa, wani ɓangare ko duka zai bayyana rawaya ba da daɗewa ba.

Ason Dalili

Yawanci yana faruwa ne akan tsohuwar ganuwar cikin gida. Tsohuwar bangon tsohuwar tana amfani da manne PVA mai yawa. Manne ya tsufa kuma ya bazu don samar da ƙarancin acid. Acid din da ba shi da inganci yana aiki tare da ions din alli a cikin putty don samar da gishirin alli mai rawaya.

Ution Magani

CoatingRoll shafi sau biyu tare da manne mai daɗin muhalli, sa'annan a shafa putty bango na cikin gida mai laushi da ruwa bayan ya gama bushewa gaba ɗaya;

②Roll a kan riguna biyu na farin farin share fage, sannan a kankare putty din bayan ta gama bushewa gaba daya;

Yi amfani da kayan kwalliyar kwalliya, ko kuma amfani da kayan kwalliyar gini.

6

Matakan fasaha don shawo kan ɓarkewa a cikin aikin rufin zafin jiki na bango

7

Tsantsar tsaguwa ta fuskar kariya ta kariya ita ce babban sabani, kuma dole ne a yi amfani da turmi mai hana yaduwa ta musamman kuma a samu karbuwa mai kyau,
Properara adadin da ya dace na polymer da fiber a turmi yana da tasiri don sarrafa fasa.

YTa turmi mai kwalliya da haɓaka rukunin kariya mai kariya wanda aka hada shi da dukkan tsarin zaiyi tasiri mai tsauri. Lalacewar ya kamata ya fi karfin mummunan yanayi, nakasawar turmi mai sassauci (lalacewar shrinkage deformation, nakasawa, yanayin zafin jiki, danshi da nakasar sinadarai) da nakasassu na farko da kuma layin kariya, don tabbatar da bukatar tsaguwa juriya tsaga juriya. Comungiya a cikin hanyar sadarwar mortarreinforced (kamar amfani da zaren fiberglass), a gefe ɗaya zai iya haɓaka ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin layin kare kariya, a gefe guda kuma, zai iya watsa damuwa da kyau, zai iya zama asalin yana da cikakkun fasa (crack) ya watsu zuwa ƙananan ƙananan fasa (fasa) don samar da tasirin tasirin fatattaka. Yana da mahimmanci ga kayan ruɓaɓɓen alkali na farkon da farfajiyar da aka ruɓe akan kyallen gilashin gilashi, nau'ikan fiber fiber kuma yana da mahimmancin mahimmanci ga juriya na dogon lokaci na alkali.

Layer kayan kwalliya ba kawai ta tsaga ba, har ma da numfashi (danshi) kuma tare da daidaiton sassan rufi, zai fi kyau a zabi murfin bangon waje na roba.
Sauran shimfidar fuska, layin rufi, haɗuwa da kayan ƙarfafawa yakamata yakamata a samar dasu ta ƙwararrun masana'antun don haɓaka alamun ƙananan matsaloli.

Me yasa fale-falen faranti ke fasawa?

Gabaɗaya, akwai dalilai guda uku don faɗar fale-falen buraka: ɗayan ingancin tayal ne shi kansa; ɗayan shine matsalar gyaran shimfida tayal, kuma na uku shine tushen ƙasa da ƙarfin waje. A ƙasa za mu gabatar da takamaiman dalilan dalla-dalla:

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Matsalar fale-falen buraka

Wasu tiles din suna da yawan shan ruwa da kuma rashin karfin matsewa, wanda ke sa tiles din su tsage; Ba a ƙona fale-falen a lokacin aikin harbin, kuma suna tsagewa yayin safara, adanawa, da amfani. Ingancin tayal ɗin kansa yana da matsala, kuma fasalin fashewar gabaɗaya yana kama da raga, kamar girman gashi mai kyau, yawan raunin ya yi yawa sosai, kuma akwai yuwuwar fashewa da yawa a cikin tayal. Wannan halin gabaɗaya yakan faru a cikin samfuran ƙananan ƙananan abubuwa.

Matsalar Paving

Used Ana amfani da suminti mai daraja mai mahimmanci: Talakawa A'a. 425 na yau da kullun ana amfani da siminti na Portland don shimfiɗa tayal. Yanayin hadawar yashi na ciminti 1: 3. Idan nauyin ciminti ya yi yawa, siminti zai sha ruwa da yawa lokacin da turmin cimin din ya kahu. A wannan lokacin, danshi mai laushi yana cikewa sosai, yana da sauƙin fatattaka. Gabaɗaya, ana bayyana shi azaman fale-falen fale-falen buraka, kuma alkiblar fasalin fasalin ba daidai bane.

Laid An shimfiɗa tayaln yumbu a kan rawanin da ke haifar da tiles yana fashewa: ganguna marasa ganga da ganga mara rami, turmi mai siminti da tayal ɗin yumbu suna da nau'ikan fadada daban-daban, wanda ke sa tiles ɗin ya yi tauri da fashewa. Gabaɗaya, rarraba tiles ɗin da aka fashe ba tsari bane, kuma fasa ma ba tsari bane. Rashin fashewar layi ne kuma yana da tsayi daban-daban. Karar kaɗan tana da ƙasa, taɓe kuma mai laka.

③Babu buɗaɗɗen da aka bari a cikin shimfiɗa, fadada da ƙarancin fale-falen yumbu da takaddun tushe ba su jitu ba, kuma faɗaɗawar zafi da raguwa suna sa tiles ɗin ya fashe. Gabaɗaya, akwai ƙwanƙwasa a cikin kusurwar tayal, ƙananan ƙananan a saman, da ɗan gajeren laushi.

④ Yaran fale-falen yatsun suna fashe bayan yankan: an kafa fasaƙan duhu yayin aikin yankan. Bayan wani lokaci, tawayen yumbu yana shafar taƙaitaccen ciminti da ƙarfin waje.

Tashin ƙasa da sojojin waje

DeGyara gurbi da fasa Saboda matsalolinsa na ilimin ƙasa, wani ɗan ƙaramin abu ne zai faru, wanda zai haifar da bango ya lalace kuma ya fashe kuma zai haifar da fashewar tayal. Gabaɗaya ana bayyana azaman ci gaba da raguwa na yau da kullun.

②Yankewa tayal din da girgizar bangon ta haifar sakamakon fasa katangar

IsYa kusa kusa da wasu kafofin zafi, kuma yanayin zafin yana canzawa saboda tsananin sanyaya da zafi, da kuma fadadawar yanayin zafi da raguwa suna sa tiles fasa. Wannan sabon abu gabaɗaya yakan faru ne a cikin ɗakunan girki, ɗakunan tukunyar jirgi, da dai sauransu.